IELTSライティングTask 2 サンプル解答#6

IELTSライティングのサンプル解答です。筆者はIELTSライティングで7.0以上の取得を目指して勉強しています。特にTask 2では、与えられた質問に適切に答えることが求められますが、その上でも思考を整理することが必要だと思っています。この記事では、自分がどのように筋道を立ててエッセイを作っているかを文字に起こしています。

Topic Question

Nowadays we can see definite signs of surplus production in almost every industry sector, and this is leading to environmental damage.

What are some possible solutions to this situation?


Environmental damage is a serious issue nowadays due to excessive production by companies. To tackle this issue, I believe there are two possible solutions. One is utilizing renewable energy for electricity, and the other is the localization of manufacturing processes.

Utilizing renewable energy such as solar and wind power can help reduce environmental damage because it does not emit carbon dioxide. According to some data, climate change has been caused by the excessive amount of CO2 emissions, which most likely originated from burning fossil fuels such as oil and natural gas. However, let us suppose companies adopt more clean energy, such as solar and wind power, for their manufacturing processes. With the use of clean energy sources, it is going to have a positive impact on the environment with less emissions of carbon dioxide.

Another point is the localization of manufacturing processes, which will help reduce the transport of products from country to country. For example, it takes a lot of time and energy to transport raw materials and products beyond borders because high energy consumed transportations such as airplanes and cargo ships are involved. Localization, however, is a process to procure raw materials and consume products within home countries as much as possible, which will eventually help save the excessive usage of energy, leading to an environmental-friendly planet.

I believe that if the execution of the utilization of renewable energy and localization in manufacturing processes is expedited, we can surely lessen the environmental damage caused by surplus production from companies.

(251 Words)


質問は、「What are some possible solutions?(どんな解決策がある?)」とあるので、「過剰生産による環境破壊の解決策」を文中で示すことが求められます。


  1. 再生可能エネルギーを利用すること(Utilizing renewable energy)
  2. 製造工程の現地化を進めること(Localization of manufacturing processes)

Body 1では、太陽光や風力などの再生可能エネルギーを利用することで、企業は二酸化炭素排出を削減できるため、環境破壊を減らせると述べています。

Body 2では、原材料の調達から製造までのプロセスを極力現地化することで、多国間の移動を減らしてエネルギーの利用を削減し、環境負荷を減らせると述べています。


・excessive production 過剰生産

・tackle issues 問題に取り組む

・renewable energy 再生可能エネルギー

・emit~ ~を排出する

・carbon dioxide 二酸化炭素

・fossil fuels (石炭や石油などの)化石燃料

・raw materials 原材料

・procure~ ~を調達する

・execution 実行

・expedite~ ~を促進する