IELTSライティングTask 2 サンプル解答#10

IELTSのサンプル解答です。筆者はIELTSライティングで7.0以上の取得を目指して勉強しています。特にTask 2では、与えられた質問に適切に答えることが求められますが、そのためには思考を整理することが必要だと考えています。この記事では、自分がどのように筋道を立ててエッセイを作っているかを文章にしています。

Topic Question

Nowadays many people choose to be self-employed, rather than to work for a company or organization.

Why might this be the case?

What could be the disadvantages of being self-employed?

(出典:IELTS 14 Cambridge)


Task 2では、Task Response(与えられた質問に適切に答える)として、Topicを正確に捉えることが重要です。今回のTopicは、「近年、多くの人達が会社や組織で働かずに自営(フリーランス含む)の道を選んでいる。」です。


  1. Why might this be the case? なぜ多くの人が自営を選ぶという状況になっているのか?(要因)
  2. What could be the disadvantages of being self-employed? 自営業になることの不利な点はなにか?(不利な点)


  1. 自営を選ぶ人が増えている要因は、デジタルプラットフォームの進化によって、多くの人が個人で稼げる選択肢が増えているから。
  2. 自営業になることの不利な点は、会社に入って働くよりもリスクが高い。(例)保険などの福利厚生や、固定給ではない点      


そして、Body 1で要因の説明、Body 2で欠点の説明をしていきたいと思います。




More and more people prefer to be self-employed rather than being employed by a company or organization. In fact, there are many more platforms available, allowing people to earn a living independently. However, there are still drawbacks to being a sole proprietor.

(Body 1: 自営業を選ぶ人が増えていることの要因)

Now, it is much easier for people to earn income from an independent economic pursuit. With technological advancements, there are many digital platforms that make this possible. In my case, I built my own website and published articles regarding my expertise and experiences, which allows me to make a small income through affiliating and advertising products. This type of work barely existed a few decades ago, so the digital platforms opened the door for self-employment.

(Body 2: 自営業であることの欠点)

Nevertheless, many people still believe that being self-employed is associated with risks. Some say that the income is not stable and that health and employment insurance is not as comprehensive as that for company employees. If self-employed, it is all up to the performances of business owners or freelancers whether or not the income is sufficient enough to support their everyday needs. In the case of employees, on the other hand, workers are eligible for receiving a fixed income and various benefits such as health and employment insurance, ensuring a sense of security. However, the self-employed have to earn for this and provide this for themselves.


Thanks to the development of digital technologies, there are many more opportunities out there for people to start their own businesses. However, there are always associated risks as self-employed because it is all responsibility of the business owners if the business goes well.

(266 Words)



・earn a living : 生計を立てる

・sole proprietor : 個人事業主

・expertise : 専門知識、ノウハウ

・open the door for~ : ~への門戸を開く


今回解いた問題は、こちらのIELTS14から抜粋したものです。Cambridgeから出ているこのIELTSの過去問集が、最も信頼のおけるリソースだと思います。”with Audio”とタイトルに書いてあれば音声もダウンロードできますので、しっかりとリスニング対策もできます。